Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (Nursing)

by Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN

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    00:01 Hey guys, welcome to shift organization or how to organize a nursing shift.

    00:07 Now I know this sounds like a really big task, but we're going to talk through some tips and tricks for you to consider to organize your day.

    00:15 Now during this presentation, we're going to show you how to work through a 12-hour shift and what that may look like for you as the nurse.

    00:23 Now, before we get started on all that, I want you to take a look at this graphic.

    00:27 I hope it's familiar to you.

    00:30 This is called Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

    00:33 This is the basis of how we treat our patients and where we want our goal to go for them.

    00:38 So what I mean by this, if you take a look at this triangle.

    00:42 It's actually going to seem a little opposite, we're going to start at the bottom here.

    00:46 So you see this big part at the bottom, you see this section of safety and physiological needs.

    00:52 These are the basic needs that have to be met for the patient before all else, right? They've got to be safe, we've got to make sure their nutrition, their ideals are up to par and the patient's taking care of.

    01:04 Now if we do meet those basic needs, we're going to move up that triangle.

    01:08 So we're we're trying to reach the top here.

    01:11 So after we meet the basic needs, we want to try to address the patient's psychological needs, meaning the feeling of belongingness and self-esteem.

    01:20 And then if we're able to reach that, they reach the top of Maslow's which is self-actualization.

    01:26 Now, one thing I just want you to know is the higher level cannot be met, unless we address those basic needs first.

    01:35 So let's talk about this.

    01:36 Keep this as the guide for your day throughout your nursing shift.

    01:42 Now, before we get started again, I'm going to warm you up with a little question.

    01:46 So when should you actually start assessing your patient? Believe it or not, it's actually during bedside shift report, and we'll talk about this.

    01:55 So bedside shift report is a standard among hospitals for safety and consistency.

    02:01 And we're basically checking with the other shift and saying,"Hey, is this normal for the patient that the doctor know about this? Are we treating this?" We're also going to help with accuracy of the assessment and the information that we receive.

    02:16 Now, I want you to take a look at this clock now.

    02:19 Anytime you plan your day as you can imagine, just in your normal everyday life.

    02:24 Timeframes are just a guideline, especially during nursing shift in particular.

    02:29 All of these things can definitely throw off our day.

    02:32 So just keep that in mind.

    02:34 Add a little flexibility when you are planning out your day, for example.

    02:38 So at the top of this clock, you see that there's unexpected changes.

    02:43 Definitely can occur during a nursing shift.

    02:45 So we hope that these don't happen.

    02:47 But of course, this is part of our skill set and our job to respond to those changes.

    02:52 And of course, that can change our timeframe for the day.

    02:56 Sometimes due to a change in patient condition or a new finding, we also may find an unexpected procedure may have to occur for that patient.

    03:05 And next, especially with those procedures, a lot of the times there's family support around, so we have to be diligent to provide education and update them as well.

    03:15 And believe it or not, there's a lot of patient incidents that's actually going to slow down or delay our timeframe.

    03:21 So this could be a patient comments episode.

    03:24 You may think it's not a big deal, but sometimes we get in the room.

    03:28 It takes a lot of time, we got to make sure we're safe with the patient, or there could be a really complex treatment or dressing change that we need to perform.

    03:36 These are all things that can delay our day.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (Nursing) by Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN is from the course How to Organize a Nursing Shift.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Physiological needs
    2. Safety needs
    3. Belongingness and love needs
    4. Esteem needs
    5. Self-actualization
    1. The nurse’s second client suddenly develops chest pain at the change of shift.
    2. The nurse’s third client has a complex dressing change that requires another nurse to assist.
    3. The nurse’s fourth client has family visitors who have several questions about the client’s care.
    4. The nurse’s first client remains in a stable condition throughout the shift.

    Author of lecture Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (Nursing)

     Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN

    Samantha Rhea, MSN, RN

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