Liver Cirrhosis: Causes (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

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    00:00 I want to talk about in the United States, What are the most common causes that a patient will develop cirrhosis? Well, the most common causes in the United States are chronic Hepatitis B, hepatitis C and alcohol induced liver disease.

    00:16 So this is excessive drinking of liver.

    00:19 So you might just want to write yourself a note on the side there, You would say "alcohol and hepatitis".

    00:25 So make sure you're right that in the margin so that will stand out in your mind.

    00:29 Now, any chronic liver disease including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can cause cirrhosis so we want to make sure that you've got that clear.

    00:38 But our most common causes are hepatitis and excessive alcohol.

    00:43 Now, there's three main categories of risk factors for cirrhosis that I want you to keep in mind.

    00:49 Now this relates to the United States.

    00:51 The first one is excessive alcohol, if the patient has an excessive alcohol problem, then they're really increasing the risk for cirrhosis.

    00:59 So there's lifestyle factor that we need to intervene to help them understand the importance of Liver Health and limiting their alcohol.

    01:07 The next one in the United States is excessive weight.

    01:10 Now excessive weight puts the patient at risk for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and that can turn into cirrhosis.

    01:19 Another common factor is viral hepatitis.

    01:22 Now not everyone with chronic hepatitis will develop cirrhosis, but it is one of the world's leading causes of liver disease.

    01:29 So you're going to Be looking at three of these major categories, excessive alcohol, excessive weight that leads to fatty liver disease, we're talking about non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, or if the patient has chronic hepatitis.

    01:43 So if I have a patient who's had chronic hepatitis is extremely overweight and drinks excessive alcohol.

    01:51 That's a recipe for disaster.

    01:53 So you're going to have to be very gentle and careful how you approach patient education with a patient with all three of the risk factors.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Liver Cirrhosis: Causes (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Liver Cirrhosis (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. A client with a body mass index (BMI) of 31
    2. A client who is positive for viral hepatitis B
    3. A client with excessive alcohol intake
    4. A client who drinks 2 to 3 alcoholic drinks a week
    5. A client who has a family history of alcoholism

    Author of lecture Liver Cirrhosis: Causes (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes

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