Intellectual disability is a different phenomenon.
Let's focus in on that one too.
Intellectual disability is any significantly impaired
It is no longer called mental retardation.
We use to call both cerebral palsy and mental retardation MRCP.
We try to avoid that phrase because people with intellectual disability
may find that a pejorative or an unpleasant thing to say.
In fact, President Obama signed Rosa's Law which officially renamed
the condition in the United States
from mental retardation to Intellectual disability.
So intellectual disablity affects about 2% of people.
It may be associated with genetic mutations.
The classic example wil be Down's syndrome.
Where all people with Down syndrome except perhaps some mosaic individuals
will be affected by some degree of intellectual disability.
But more than half of cases
there really is no identifiable causes to why intellectual disability
has occured. It simply has.
So, when we are measuring mental disablity, we often use the IQ score.
Remember than the average person has an IQ score of 100.
Mild intellectual disability is classified with an IQ score between 50-69.
Moderate if it's 35-49, and severe if it's 20-34, and profound if it's less than 20.
So intellectual disability is generally managed through intense
Remember, that children who are having trouble in school
have the right to an individualized learning plan,
which can help them
curtail their education to their individual learning needs.
The ILP is often instigated by parents
and physicians can help parents learn about how ILP's are used
to improve their child's outcomes.
There are special schools available
for children with more intensive cognitive therapy.
But the state needs to be educating all children regardless
of their intellectual capacity.
It's important to work on social skill building.
We can't just think about cognitive outcomes in terms of being able to do math, reading
problems like that.
We have to help these chidren develop social skills
because being inherently social is being inherently human.
don't forget about the individualized learning plan,
that is very important for these children.
That is a brief summary of Cerebral Palsy and Intellectual disability.
Thanks for your attention.