is a different phenomenon.
Let's focus in on that one too.
Intellectual disability is any
It is no longer called mental
We use to call both cerebral palsy
and mental retardation MRCP.
We try to avoid that phrase because
people with intellectual disability
may find that a pejorative or an unpleasant
thing to say.
In fact, President Obama signed Rosa's
Law which officially renamed
the condition in the United States
from mental retardation to
So intellectual disablity
affects about 2% of people.
It may be associated with genetic
The classic example wil
be Down's syndrome.
Where all people with Down syndrome
except perhaps some mosaic individuals
will be affected by some degree of
But more than half of cases
there really is no identifiable causes
to why intellectual disability
has occured. It simply has.
So, when we are measuring mental disablity,
we often use the IQ score.
Remember than the average person has an
IQ score of 100.
We classify intellectual disability as
mild if their IQ score is 50-55.
Moderate if it's 35-49
if it's 20-34
and profound if it's less than 20.
So intellectual disability is generally
managed through intense
Remember, that children who are
having trouble in school
have the right to an individualized
which can help them
curtail their education
to their individual learning needs.
The ILP is often instigated by
and physicians can help parents learn
about how ILP's are used
to improve their child's outcomes.
There are special schools available
for children with more intensive
But the state needs to be educating
all children regardless
of their intellectual capacity.
It's important to work on social skill
We can't just think about cognitive
outcomes as being able to do math, reading
problems like that.
We have to help these chidren
develop social skills
because being inherently social
is being inherently human.
don't forget about the individualized
that is very important for these
That is a brief summary of Cerebral
Palsy and Intellectual disability.
Thanks for your attention.