Infections Resulting in Neoplastic Growth

by Richard Mitchell, MD

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    00:00 Well, let's talk a little bit more about, injury related to subsequent tumor development.

    00:07 So, you can have a direct transforming effect, many viruses will, abrogate some of the intracellular checkpoints, that keep the cells from constantly turning over.

    00:19 When we talk about malignancy in a subsequent talk, you and I, I will talk about the effects say of a herpes papillomavirus, human papillomavirus and what it does to p53 and the RB proteins, that are normal regulatory checkpoints.

    00:40 By causing their degradation the virus, causes the cells to constantly proliferate, so, you can have a direct transforming effect.

    00:49 There's also an issue related to the tumor-promoting effects, that come from chronic inflammation.

    00:53 So, in the setting of chronic inflammation, you have, inflammatory mediators, secreted by all the inflammatory cells, that are there, in the setting of tissue, that's also trying to regenerate because of the damage induced by the virus.

    01:07 G, proliferation in the setting of a whole bunch of reactive oxygen species and other things that can potentially mutate the genome, is a perfect setup, to develop brand new mutations, that get incorporated into the proliferating cells.

    01:24 So, in many cases chronic inflammation, in an epithelium or in a tissue that is turning over at the same time, will lead to malignancy.

    01:34 That's why chronic hepatitis B or chronic hepatitis C, makes those liver cells prone to develop hepatocellular carcinoma.

    01:42 Similarly, in the GI tract which is being shown here with the stomach, is that you can have chronic inflammation, say related to a helicobacter pylori, that epithelium is turning over, this chronic inflammation, helicobacter pylori is a major driver for gastric carcinoma.

    02:00 So, ongoing epithelial proliferation in the setting of ongoing injury, means, that we can have cellular mutations that get locked in, to those proliferating cells.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Infections Resulting in Neoplastic Growth by Richard Mitchell, MD is from the course Host–pathogen Interaction.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. … an increase in chloride and bicarbonate secretion.
    2. …a decrease in cAMP.
    3. …a decrease in adenylate cyclase action.
    4. …an increase in sodium and chloride reabsorption.
    5. ...a decrease in the binding of G protein.
    1. ...over-activating the immune system.
    2. ...causing cell lysis
    3. ...causing neoplastic transformation.
    4. ...promoting chronic inflammation.
    5. ...causing cell fusion.

    Author of lecture Infections Resulting in Neoplastic Growth

     Richard Mitchell, MD

    Richard Mitchell, MD

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