Let’s talk about our Healthcare System
and some of the disparity that we see.
Is everybody getting the exact access to care?
Is it consistent across the board?
And the answer is no.
So, Healthcare disparity includes the population
specific differences in the presence of disease,
health outcomes and the quality of
healthcare across different social groups.
So, the disparity is seen across
the following social factors.
The biggest just being Socioeconomic Status.
So, we know that as socioeconomic status increases,
if you’re higher SES, access and quality healthcare increases.
and the opposite holds through for low SES.
There’s a better access as quality of healthcare
tends can be found in affluent areas.
If you live in a rich neighborhood, usually have
better doctors, better resources, better hospitals.
And poor living conditions with low SES,
there is usually poor diet right?
So, they’re not eating as well. And as a result
that’s going to lead to poor health outcomes.
And when we use that term health outcomes, we’re
talking about over all health, we’re talking about
the different measures that we would have weight,
cardiac functionalities, different things
that we’d attribute to you being healthy.
Now, those in these low SES environments
tend to have some in called Food desserts.
And this is sociological turns thats thrown around
representing the fact that there’s not a lot of
market space with people selling fresh produce and
a lot of grocery stores, just more on fast-food restaurants,
place that you pop in and grab something
burgers, fries that kind of stuff.
And so, they not getting great home cook meals
which again is going to lead to poor health outcomes.
Lowest SES individuals take more on dangerous jobs
or jobs that put their health at risk.
They are going to take whatever job they can get.
They don’t have the higher education
And therefore, they a lot of manual labor medial jobs
which can be harder on the body and a greater risk for injury.
Low on the SES scale, they cannot afford
extended healthcare or costly treatments.
If they do get hurt, if they do get sick, they don’t have
that extended coverage that allows them to get better care
and they sometimes can’t afford the medicines
and treatments that they actually need.
Race is another contributor.
And we know that visual minorities
in the States we have the African- American’s,
Hispanics and Natives.
They tend to have higher morbidity,
mortality and illness rates.
Morbidity refers to expression of disease,
mortality is death and in other illnesses.
So, this same individuals have poor
access to care and or quality care.
and a lot of times race and SES scale go hand and hand.
So, those that are at visual minority
tend to fall lower on the SES scale.
Not always but we’re looking at broad trans.
In terms of gender, we’re looking at men who have a lower
self- report of illness and use less healthcare resources.
So, this is means after getting sick less, they just
report at less. Therefore, using the system less.
We also know that there’s a disproportion
amount of resources and research sent around
understanding diseases for men.
So, that tends to be a lot of focus on a disease
and the impact that men have and what is having on men.
And so, the information, the rule out,
the resources and treatments
are we hang our hats serve on men as a subjects.
So, we can see that obviously, not all parties within our
social stratification have equal access to healthcare
and different portions of our population
have different levels of health.
And so, depending on where you fall on
that socioeconomic scale, gender or race
that can be impacted.