Now, let’s take a look at
Health and Medicine.
Medicalization is a process by which
human conditions and problems come
to be define and treated
as medical conditions.
In English, we’re medifying different things.
It makes it sort of easier for a society.
It makes it easier for us to say, “That’s
an issue, medically that’s treated, check mark”.
There's some issues with that. And that not
everything needs to be a medical condition.
So this becomes a subject of medical study,
diagnosis, prevention and treatment
and you build a whole movement
behind a human condition.
So the sick role means that the sufferer enters
a role of what we called sanctioned Deviance.
So I’m not saying you become a deviant.
I’m saying you’re now going against
what you’re assigned or
agreed upon or role is.
Again, the sounding a lot of harsher
than it is. But say for example,
You’re a student, and you’re studying for
your MCAT. And your job, your role
Is to study, learn, educate, gain knowledge
so that you can move on to the next phase
which is go to more school. And then the next phase,
would be hopefully become a health practitioner.
Now, in this process while
you are studying, you get sick,
you catch the flu or you get something else.
And now, you’re no longer able to
function at your role. And your role
was to study and gain knowledge.
We’ll now you’ve deviated from your role,
but this is a sanctioned deviance meaning,
We’ve all agreed upon that
while you’re sick.
So it’s okay for you to not
do your work. Okay?
Say you are a lawyer, and your job is
to defend the people but now you get sick.
So you can't do your role but
it’s understood and it’s sanctioned
that you’re deviating from that role.
So from a functional perspective, a sick
individual is not a productive member of society.
That’s kind of harsh, right. So remember,
a functional who’s somebody
who’s pretty by the book and by the lines
saying, “No, this is how it supposed to be”.
We’ll if you’re sick, you’re sick.
You really can't function.
The function is saying, “Well, because you’re
not functioning, you’re not doing your job,
You’re no longer a productive member of society.
This deviance needs to be policed,
which is the role of the medical professional.
In this model, the health practitioner,
the doctor kind of acts like the police as well
saying, “We’ll you’re not feeling well
you’re sick. We’ll how sick are you?
Can you actually work?
When you are going to return to work?
I’m going to mediate, how much time you
get away? What is going to be the treatment?
And so, sort of blurring the lines of what
the health practitioner is doing.
And we’re also kind of approaching
illness whether be psychological
or biological in a specific way which
is maybe not the most appropriate way.
We have now actually switch our view
and becoming a little bit more
I would say up to date.
And that’s that we actually embraced
more than just the medical side of things.
So the delivery of healthcare is now
focused on and it’s anchoring itself on
the biopsychosocial model looking
at things like socioeconomic status,
and the physiological function.
That is the more current modern view.
Which is one of the reasons why
these modules now in the MCAT exam.
Now, the delivery of healthcare is varied
based on society, links to access
and socioeconomic status and age.
So we can't just say, “I’m going
to medify or medicalize my approach
if everybody is not getting
the same delivery of healthcare.
Social epidemiology examines the
disparity in health and medicine
based on somebody’s social factors
and how they impact their health.
Basically, what I just said.
And then finally, the illnesses experience
refers to the process of being ill
and how individuals cope and react and this
change at the causes in personal identity.
Health and medicine plays a really big
role in terms of our social outlook,
the impact that it has an individuals.
And we’re also highlighting the disparity
that we’re seeing in terms of access
to health and medicine.