Now, I want you to understand some of the functions that are associated with these cranial nerve nuclei
starting with the glossopharyngeal nerve nuclei. These are identified by the asterisk. So nucleus ambiguus
is a part of this. Inferior salivatory nucleus is a part of the glossopharyngeal nerve nuclei as well as the
solitary nucleus and its tract. First is the inferior salivatory nucleus shown right in through here.
This is going to send preganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the otic ganglion in the face.
They will synapse within this ganglion and then those postsynaptic fibers will be conveyed to the parotid
gland to provide it secretomotor innervation. So the mnemonic here for this association of glossopharyngeal
to otic ganglion to parotid gland is simply G-O-P or GOP. The function of the nucleus ambiguus, this provides
the branchial motor output. This output will control the stylopharyngeus muscle causing it to contract.
This muscle is derived from the third pharyngeal arch. This is the nerve that innervates the third pharyngeal arch.
The last nucleus associated with the glossopharyngeal nerve nuclei is that of the solitary nucleus.
This is going to provide sensory input from the pharynx, the carotid sinus, as well as taste from the
posterior one-third of the tongue. I also want you to understand the various functions of vagal nerve nuclei.
The dorsal motor nucleus is the visceral motor output of your vagus. The nucleus ambiguus, as it was
in the glossopharyngeal nerve nucleus is branchial motor. In this case, it’s branchial motor to muscles
that are derived from the fourth pharyngeal pouch. These would be skeletal muscles of the pharynx and
the larynx. The solitary nucleus is going to provide for sensory input into the brainstem.