Globalization – Demographic Shifts and Social Change (SOC)

by Tarry Ahuja, PhD

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    00:00 Okay, so we are going to talk about Globalization.

    00:02 And this is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and aspects of culture.

    00:10 That's a manful and its overly complicated. All we are saying is that we are living in the global village.

    00:16 And it's this sharing in an integration of world views, of different products that are out for sale, ways of thinking and even aspects of culture that are shared across the globe.

    00:28 Okay, now here are some of the things that are affected by globalization.

    00:33 and things that globalization can affect.

    00:35 So businesses and work organizations.

    00:37 So just having offices around the globe in its self is a fairly new thing.

    00:44 Years ago, the ability to have offices all over the world was considered a huge deal.

    00:50 Now, it being a global village this is an impossible. We have a lot of global organizations It also impacts economics. It can impacts social resources.

    01:02 It can impact the natural environment.

    01:03 There is a lot of things that globalization affects and is affected by.

    01:08 Let's highlight some of this now.

    01:10 Communication technology, this is one of things that is really changed and allowed for globalization.

    01:16 So dramatic improvements in telecommunications having mobile phones, satellites, the advent if the internet World Wide Web. All of these things have made it almost instantaneous for us to acquire information and share the information.

    01:29 So think of recent world events. The attacks and Brussel's.

    01:34 The incidents in Paris, 9/11. These things happen were almost being streamed or shared live.

    01:44 Okay, so this is like unfathomable 20 years ago, 50 years ago.

    01:48 It would take days, a weeks for or longer or sometimes never for the world to hear world news.

    01:55 Now, world news is your backdoor news. It happens in your own backyard.

    02:00 Transportation technology are improved dramatically too. So we now have improved access, speed and cost of transportation.

    02:08 Even the connectivity of being able to go to remote cities were flights and things that are happening before.

    02:15 We now have major hubs, plains that can go farther or distances.

    02:19 The access to transport has improved dramatically.

    02:24 We also have the use in terms of moving goods supertankers, cargo ships and they themselves now use some of the communication technology and things like GPS.

    02:33 Which makes them a lot more accurate, predictable and faster.

    02:38 So it's not out of the norm for you to be developing a product in the States having it designed in Germany, manufactured in China.

    02:48 And then shipped back to be sold.

    02:51 So you might say 'Oh my God that's so my movement how was that even cost effective? Well because of all the technology, it's not that cost to be able to move things around.

    03:02 And so, you sort to move the product, you move your task to where that country is well setup and has a resources and expertise to do that.

    03:12 So China is known globally for their ability to manufacture. And they do that facts out of cause and you see it from the other countries.

    03:20 And if you can keep transport cost and technology to being cheap and accurate and predictable, they have no problems moving things around because at the end of the day its the end cost.

    03:32 We also have Economic and Interdependence.

    03:36 In that is the concept saying because of this globalization we are starting to see the world economy becoming a single entity.

    03:45 So interdependence of national economies across the world through a rapid increase in cross-border movement of goods, service and technology and capital has created this single global market place or single world market.

    03:56 So that kind of make sense to me if you are moving a lot of goods.

    04:00 and this is like a thousands of dollars of goods. This is millions and billions of dollars Of goods between two countries. That's going to have dramatic impact on both of those to the economies to the point where there is so intertwine that becomes a global economy.

    04:13 And when you globalize the globe you are going to get this one single world market.

    04:19 You see globalization of production, markets, competition, technology corporations and industry.

    04:25 All of these, these is all link to the economic interdependence.

    04:28 If you have the offices in different parts of the world, you need to then therefore accommodate and understand that economic interdependence.

    04:37 Now let's take a look at Social Changes in Globalization.

    04:39 We have something called Cultural Assimilation.

    04:41 And this is where a person or a group's language and/or their culture come to resemble those of another group.

    04:48 All right we have something called Colonialism.

    04:50 And this is where we used to describe a set of unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous peoples.

    04:59 And then finally, inequality which can cause civil unrest and terrorism.

    05:02 So let's talk about each of those a little bit more detail.

    05:04 So when you go to a sub certain country or you bring your culture there.

    05:13 That person's group language and your culture can start to reflect those around them.

    05:20 And you start to see that this assimilation. And then, they sort to gobble up similar like cultures in overtime through this globalization. Culture seem less discrete.

    05:30 They become a little bit more over lapping.

    05:32 With Colonialism, we have somebody a power and doesn't have as commonly today.

    05:39 But it's happening in our history where a stronger more powerful group will come in and decide to setup shop.

    05:49 I'm thinking about the British colonies will come in, setup shop and saying, 'You know, we can provide for you resources, some structure.

    05:58 And we can help take care of you.

    06:01 but in return those are in indigenous tend to sort of dig it taking up by the culture of the more dominant power.

    06:10 And that ends up shaping and shifting that countries, behaviors, norms and culture.

    06:16 And that's direct result to the globalization.

    06:19 And then, by the way, we see this potential for inequality.

    06:22 If any of these scenarios, we have a dominant power that is coming in And they feel, the indigenous people or those that are lower on that scale in terms of relative cultural power.

    06:33 They might feel like we are being taking advantage of. We disagree with this.

    06:37 We feel a sensitive in equality. That can create civil unrest to a point where it can lead to wars, It can lead to terrorism.

    06:44 So globalization is a necessary always positive. But you, I think the drivers behind, why we do it is positive?

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Globalization – Demographic Shifts and Social Change (SOC) by Tarry Ahuja, PhD is from the course Demographic Characteristics and Processes.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. The process of international integration arising from the interchange of worldviews, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.
    2. The process of national integration arising from the interchange of worldviews, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.
    3. The process of national integration arising from the interchange of worldviews and ideas.
    4. The process of international integration arising from the interchange of worldviews and ideas.
    5. The process of regional integration arising from the interchange of worldviews, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture.
    1. Economics
    2. Population
    3. Geography
    4. Sleep habits
    5. Monuments
    1. Colonialism
    2. Colonization
    3. Imperialism
    4. Globalization
    5. Demographic shift
    1. Cultural assimilation
    2. Cultural balance
    3. Cultural adaptation
    4. Cultural blend
    5. Cultural integration

    Author of lecture Globalization – Demographic Shifts and Social Change (SOC)

     Tarry Ahuja, PhD

    Tarry Ahuja, PhD

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