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Factors Influencing Aging (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

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    00:01 Now you know, no matter what you studied in nursing, we always talk about modifiable risk factors and non-modifiable risk factors.

    00:10 So we're going to take a look at the factors that influence aging.

    00:13 Genetics is an example of a non-modifiable risk factor.

    00:18 You get what you get genetically, right? So we can't really control these once you have it.

    00:24 But there are factors that are modifiable.

    00:27 These factors influence aging for all of us.

    00:30 So we can control these.

    00:32 And these can make a huge difference for all of us.

    00:36 Now, honestly, you're not going to be surprised by what you see here because this is a common theme throughout all of health care.

    00:43 These are things that we can control.

    00:45 And the better choices we make in each one of these areas, the better our health will be.

    00:50 So the first one up, that's a rough one, exercise.

    00:55 I struggle with that myself.

    00:57 There's times when I'm great and times when it's really, really tough to do it.

    01:01 But our level of activity really plays an influence and a role in how our body ages.

    01:07 Diet choices.

    01:08 You see what we have there, healthy things you see fish and fruits, that's what you're looking for as far as a healthy lifestyle, choice and food.

    01:17 Now, alcohol becomes a very personal subject.

    01:21 I know.

    01:22 But anything in excess is not a good thing for your body.

    01:26 The last one is tobacco.

    01:28 Hey, just know no judgment here.

    01:31 If that's a habit that you or your patients struggle with, be kind.

    01:36 It's a really tough habit to kick.

    01:38 Nicotine is incredibly addictive.

    01:42 So the most important thing you can do for any patient at any age they are is don't judge.

    01:49 Be calm, be supportive, keep warm facial expression and eye contact and just talk to them about it.

    01:58 You don't have to tell someone who smokes that it's not a good idea.

    02:01 You don't have to tell someone who drinks excessively that it's not a good idea.

    02:05 Someone who's overweight knows they're overweight.

    02:08 Our job as nurses is to advocate for them and to help that patient become equipped with the motivation and the tools to make healthier choices.

    02:17 Because Jose, he was able to make these choices.

    02:20 He stayed very active, and he watched his diet.

    02:23 So he really made healthy choices.

    02:26 He also chose to stay away from excessive alcohol and he never smoked.

    02:32 So those were things in his favor and his healthy habits paid off.

    02:36 And we'll show you that system by system.

    02:39 Now when it comes to Enrique unfortunately, he made some different choices and had a different outcome.

    02:45 He was not active.

    02:47 His diet choices involve more palatable foods, right? Those hyper palatable foods like burgers and french fries and high fat and high carb types of food.

    02:58 Alcohol was a part of his daily life and not in a limited way.

    03:04 He also smoked from a very early age on.

    03:07 So we're going to show you that some of the diseases that developed with Enrique came from lifestyle choices.

    03:14 Even though that's true, when patients come to us for treatment, it is not the place for judgment.

    03:21 It's the time to just it is what it is, connect with them and help move them from where they are to the next step toward a healthier lifestyle.

    03:32 Now let's talk about what all nurses need to know for your taking your NCLEX exam, you need to be able to recognize normal aging from pathological processes.

    03:43 Because that will help you develop the appropriate interventions.

    03:46 So you want to be able to know normal aging from the pathological processes and that means things that are associated with disease.

    03:55 Second thing, you want to understand how age-related changes predispose older clients to certain diseases.

    04:01 Now, that's a weird word I know predispose.

    04:04 Really just what that means is you want to understand how the normal age related changes make an older client more susceptible or more vulnerable to specific diseases.

    04:16 Third piece, I want you to recognize that the interactions of normal aging and symptoms response to treatment and outcomes.

    04:24 Elderly people or geriatric clients don't respond to diseases, like people in their middle age.

    04:31 They respond to infections differently, they respond to pneumonia differently.

    04:35 We'll go over that in detail in the following sections.

    04:39 So before we go on, there are 3 key things, 3 pieces that I want you to have in mind before we continue in the video series.

    04:47 So do me a favor, pause the video, reword those three statements into your own words that make more sense to you.

    04:55 And just jot a quick note on your notes.

    04:59 Now if you're in nursing school which is probably why you're watching this video, you've already seen this model odds are.

    05:07 This is the NCSBN.

    05:08 Those are the people that write the NCLEX, Nursing Clinical Judgment Model.

    05:14 It looks a little bit overwhelming.

    05:16 And we'll go over this in other parts of the videos.

    05:18 But here's what I want you to see.

    05:20 One of the first steps in that 6-step process of the NCBSN Nursing Clinical Judgment Model is recognizing cues and analyzing cues and then you're going to formulate a hypothesis.

    05:33 That's what we're going to teach you in this video series.

    05:36 So hang with us when we talk about geriatric clients.

    05:40 Remember who is your favorite elderly client.

    05:43 And we'll walk through this steps with Enrique and Jose.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Factors Influencing Aging (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Introduction to Geriatrics (Nursing).


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Activity level
    2. Alcohol use
    3. Diet choices
    4. Tobacco use
    5. Genetics
    1. “I referred you to the dietician because as an obese person, you are at much higher risk for several diseases”
    2. “You mentioned earlier that one of your goals is quitting smoking, would you be interested in learning about our smoking cessation program?”
    3. “I brought this brochure for you, it goes over simple lifestyle changes that might be useful in your recovery, do you want to go over it together?”
    4. “We talked earlier about how hard it can be to introduce exercise into our daily lives. Would you be interested in talking with our physiotherapist about ways to start?”
    1. The client’s mother was diagnosed with breast cancer at age 45
    2. The client drinks three glasses of wine a day
    3. The client attends an exercise class weekly
    4. The client eats fast food at least twice a week

    Author of lecture Factors Influencing Aging (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes


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