Estrogens and Progesterone: Effects (Nursing)

by Jasmine Clark, PhD

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    00:02 So how does estrogen and progesterone actually affect the female body.

    00:08 Starting with estrogen, estrogen is going to promote oogenesis and follicle growth in the ovaries.

    00:16 It also exerts anabolic effects on the female reproductive tract.

    00:22 It supports rapid short-lived growth spurts at puberty and also induces secondary sex characteristic such as growth of breast, increase deposits of subcutaneous fats in the hips and breasts area, and also the widening and lightening of the pelvis.

    00:43 Estrogen also exhibit some metabolic effects such as maintaining low total blood cholesterol and high HDL cholesterol levels.

    00:55 It also facilitates calcium intake.

    00:59 This is the reason why as we age and estrogen production begins to decrease some women will suffer from weaker bones due to osteoporosis.

    01:11 Progesterone is also equally as important.

    01:15 Progesterone is going to work with estrogen to establish and regulate the uterine cycle.

    01:22 It promotes changes in cervical mucus and affects the placental progesterone during pregnancy.

    01:29 It inhibits uterine motility and helps to prepare the breasts for lactation as well.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Estrogens and Progesterone: Effects (Nursing) by Jasmine Clark, PhD is from the course Female Reproductive System – Physiology (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Maintains low total blood cholesterol and high HDL levels and facilitates calcium uptake
    2. Maintains low LDL and HDL levels and facilitates vitamin D absorption into the bones
    3. Maintains total cholesterol, lowers LDL levels, and releases calcium into the blood
    4. Maintains triglycerides and low HDL levels and facilitates calcium uptake
    1. Inhibits uterine mobility, increases umbilical blood flow and prepares the breasts for lactation
    2. Exerts anabolic effects on the placenta and the growing fetus
    3. Restricts uterine blood flow and increases nutrients to placenta
    4. Is responsible for the surge of nausea and dizziness women often experience in the first trimester

    Author of lecture Estrogens and Progesterone: Effects (Nursing)

     Jasmine Clark, PhD

    Jasmine Clark, PhD

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