English in England: Question Set 6

by Lincoln Smith

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    00:00 Question one asks us, what the overall topic of the passage is? So let's zoom out and take a look at what we just read.

    00:09 The first paragraph discusses pitch and inflection.

    00:13 The second paragraph breaks down the sound that certain Englishmen make in the back of their throats when speaking.

    00:20 Lastly, the author uses the pronunciation of the letter H as a litmus test for the social class of the speaker.

    00:29 These are all discussions on the sounds that words make ocean best aligned to answer C, pronunciation.

    00:35 Grammar rules, vocabulary, and sentence structure are not as big of a focus.

    00:41 Question two states. According to the passage, speech patterns are difficult to change because, what? The final paragraph concludes by separating people based on how they pronounce the letter H, and that would certainly be a speech pattern.

    00:59 And then the author states that these people simply can't be helped once they've acquired a certain mode of pronunciation.

    01:06 So this is an acquired trait, which answer choices A through C discuss.

    01:11 Answer choice D speech reflects written errors does not so we can cross that one off.

    01:17 The clinching argument for the correct answer is made in a structural fashion.

    01:22 The author states in the next sentence, habits of speech when formed early in life, are the most ineradicable of all habits that lightly highlighted.

    01:33 This is sufficient context to select answer choice A, they are formed early in life.

    01:41 Question three states.

    01:43 The reason the author includes the "h" pronunciation example and the passage is because what? The official content guide tells us to pay attention to what might feel like throwaway phrases, specifically transitional phrases.

    01:58 And to view these as rhetorical devices, those frameworks to open one's mind through examination of alternate viewpoints.

    02:08 So when the author states in paragraph four, the ill treatment of the letter H receives from a very large proportion of the people is, of course, known to the most superficial observer.

    02:23 We can note that a transition has been made.

    02:26 This far from being separate from the conclusion of the sentence is integral to it.

    02:32 It allows us to discern that answer choice D is a prominent characteristic that most people already know is correct.

    02:41 Question four states. In the second paragraph, the author's tone suggests that he feels the use of the "aw" sound is: A acceptable; B presents the impression of high social standing, C is delightfully appealing; or D seems to be low class.

    03:02 The sound of the "aw" is what I picked up on as attempting to combine speech with the deglutition of mashed potato.

    03:11 So, it's okay to highlight what interests you and a CARS passage, as long as you can connect it back to the question at hand.

    03:19 This is kind of a funny description, and will technically could be given a positive spin, the author removes all doubt when he states later in the same paragraph, that this sound is not high class speech, Aligning to answer choice D.

    03:37 Question five states.

    03:39 If the English officer in the last paragraph of the passage or an American English speaker, he would identify which of the following statements has "improper" English.

    03:51 So the English officer notably identifies the class of an individual based on how they pronounce the letter H.

    03:59 Being an officer, this individual is not identified as possessing any particular skill in linguistics.

    04:06 Therefore, we can search for the answer selection that the common person, you or I, could use to identify the class of an individual in America based on the sound of their speech.

    04:18 So answer choice A states, tomorrow, I don't have time to meet.

    04:22 That wouldn't jump out to me as being incorrect.

    04:26 B, I do not have time to meet you tomorrow.

    04:31 Doesn't jump out to me as improper.

    04:33 C, I ain't got no time to meet you tomorrow.

    04:37 Classic American slang, probably C.

    04:40 Answer choice D, I don't have time to meet you tomorrow seems correct.

    04:45 We will have to go with answer selection C here.

    04:48 Lastly, Question six states.

    04:50 In paragraph two, the author cautions against making general negative assertions.

    04:56 Which of the following statements qualifies as a general negative assertion? A Criminal sometimes repeat their crimes.

    05:05 B A few judges are extremely biased.

    05:08 C Police officers often take bribes.

    05:11 D All lawyers are untrustworthy.

    05:14 A, has the language of sometimes so that would not be a general assertion.

    05:19 Likewise, B, states a few judges not general.

    05:24 You might get tripped up on the word extremely as thinking that might be a general statement, but only a few judges are extremely biased.

    05:31 C states often.

    05:33 So that kind of hedges the statement is not a general negative assertion.

    05:37 Whereas answer selection D, all lawyers are untrustworthy is certainly a general and negative assertion. The correct answer selection.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture English in England: Question Set 6 by Lincoln Smith is from the course CARS Passage Walkthroughs.

    Author of lecture English in England: Question Set 6

     Lincoln Smith

    Lincoln Smith

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