Encephalitis: Treatment

by Roy Strowd, MD

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    00:00 So how do we treat viral encephalitis? Well the treatment really begins with supportive care, just like any other viral process. Many of these patients will also present with seizure and treatment of seizure is needed if indicated. Patients that have a seizure should be treated, we don't always prophylax. But in severe cases and in particular with herpes encephalitis where seizures are so common, antiepileptic treatment is often used. What about viral agents? We don't use antiviral therapy for all patients, but there are certain indications. IV acyclovir is used for herpes, varicella, and Epstein-Barr encephalitis. Ganciclovir, foscarnet has been shown to be effective for CMV encephalitis which can cause a severe ventriculitis.

    00:49 And ribavirin is used for La Crosse encephalitis, which is also called California encephalitis.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Encephalitis: Treatment by Roy Strowd, MD is from the course CNS Infections​.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Ganciclovir
    2. Acyclovir
    3. Ribavirin
    4. Amantadine
    5. Lamivudine

    Author of lecture Encephalitis: Treatment

     Roy Strowd, MD

    Roy Strowd, MD

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