Alright, let’s get in to
What are we talking about when
we’re talking about an institution.
and you’ve heard that term before but
when you apply it to the social contacts
'cause a few key
institutions have pop up.
So one is Education or any Educational Institution.
So a social institution is where
knowledge, skills, values,
attitudes, beliefs and
habits are learned.
So in terms of the educational
perspective we’re talking about
universities, colleges, campuses
even grade school.
This is where a lot of learning
that we picked up happens.
Now, some of this is done in a fashion
that we call in a hidden fashion using
something called a Hidden Curriculum.
This is where we pass on not
books smarts but we call it
sort of life smarts and that’s we impart
social information, behavior and norms
outside of the regular curriculum.
So when you go to school, you’re not
just learning about Math, Science,
Arts, English, French all that stuff.
You’re also learning well
when do I speak? And how do I speak?
And if I want to speak,
do I put my hand up? And what should I wear?
How do you interact with the opposite sex?
How you operate, how do you
communicate with your peers.
All these things that you end up learning
fall under what we call our hidden curriculum.
Another phenomenon is the one who’s actually
teaching us, our teacher tends to have
a huge role in how we actually build our
personality, interact within our social contacts
and that’s through a process of
something called Teacher Expectancy.
So the teacher tends to expect different
things from different students.
And that may actually limit what they learn
and the realization of their full potential
is stunted or enhanced through
inappropriate or appropriate categorization.
So in English, what do we saying,
now think back to when you’re in school
and your youngster. And you
had all of you in your classroom.
they’re tended to be some
categorization that happen based on
either A some of the characteristics
or behaviors that those kids did,
or just some good old’ fashion
discrimination and stereotyping.
So say for example there is a kid in the
class who seem a little bit more buffer, taller
or stronger than the rest.
The teacher might categorize this kid as
the bulkier stronger kid. So it’s probably
good at sports and will have him
do more physical activity and be have
less expectation of the student when it comes
to say expressive writing or in doing Math.
The flipside you might have again we’re going
to discrimination and the stereotyped let’s say,
an Asian student and the teacher assuming
this kid has to be doing great in Math,
they’re Asian and so on. You could
stereotype and categorize the children.
Now, what the sense I’m doing is
setting expectations for these children.
and it sometimes does not allow them
to actually reach their full potential
because they aren’t given the opportunity.
So maybe our little Asian friend
is actually not that good at Math
but is fantastic at playing certain sports.
But the teacher never really picks the child
to play the sport or do or
focus on or challenge him to sport
because he or she assume that the Asian
child is going to be doing amazing in Math
and our bulkier stronger friend, who we the
teacher assume, is going to be great in sports
is terrible in sports. But the teacher
keeps saying, “No, no, no this is totally you,
you can do this.” But that kid
is actually fantastic in Math
and isn’t able to reach that potential.
So, we also have something called
Educational Segregation and Stratification.
And this is where we based on
the way our societal norms are set up
and through something that we’re going
to come up with little label later on as well
as something called socioeconomic status.
We can actually ourselves
stratify how we receive education.
So funding is based on local tax contribution.
So depending on what neighborhood you live on,
you pay your taxes, part of your taxes go
to funding the school and the social services.
This is linked to your neighborhood.
If you live in an affluent neighborhood
you are going to have more revenue generated
from your taxes. And therefore, you
have more money towards your schools.
Now, this is not the same you don’t have schools
and lower income areas versus higher income areas
but the quality of school and the quality
of education, resources, teachers, amenities
at these schools will be different.
So at the end of the day the education
you’re getting in the lower income areas
versus the higher income
areas will be different.
So that is all driven by socioeconomic
status and then as a result
your kind of self-propagates
that social stratification.
The poor kids going
to the lower income schools
are going to get a lower level of
education which then furthers them
and continues that whether they’re not
getting a great job, they’re not going to get
to an ivy league school
versus the affluent areas
great school, great teachers, great
resources it therefore getting to better
higher educational schools and
get greater jobs and so on.
So it’s sort of this self-fulfilling
social phenomenon based on