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Diabetes Type 1: Risk Factors (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

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    00:00 Hi, welcome to our video series on Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2.

    00:05 We're going to take a look at who is at risk for both of these forms of diabetes.

    00:11 Now, diabetes is a disease where the body just doesn't either make or use insulin effectively, and the blood sugar is not well control because of it.

    00:20 So the blood sugar can't be controlled unless they have very specific treatment.

    00:26 So let's talk about the risk factors of type 1.

    00:29 This is a pancreas that is not producing insulin.

    00:32 First up is your family.

    00:34 Now you'll love them, you don't get to pick them.

    00:37 But if you have a parent or a sibling with type 1 diabetes, your risk of developing type 1 diabetes is significantly higher.

    00:45 Genetics also fall right into line with that.

    00:48 There is very specific genes that can increase the risk of a patient developing type 1.

    00:54 Now last, this is kind of an obvious one, right? This is when the pancreas is just taken out.

    00:59 There is two main categories of causes.

    01:01 The reason why those beta cells in the pancreas are injured.

    01:05 One is autoimmune.

    01:07 That means the body miss identifies those beta cells of the pancreas as invaders, and it attacks and destroys them.

    01:14 Then they no longer have the ability to make insulin.

    01:17 The last is a virus.

    01:18 I have a friend who developed type 1 diabetes in college after having a bad viral infection.

    01:25 So these are three important categories.

    01:28 Family, genetics, and injury to the pancreas that usually comes autoimmune or a viral problem.

    01:36 Now, I didn't want to press on until we talked about age.

    01:39 Now, you see we've got a really cute toddler there.

    01:42 That's because usually younger adults and children develop type 1, but it can also develop in adults.

    01:50 Now, probably seems to if you've watched this video series is that I have a lot of strange medical diagnosis is my circle, but you'll notice that when you become a nurse, everybody wants to tell you about their medical history.

    02:02 But I knew a woman who is professional sharp.

    02:06 She was an executive and she developed type 1 at age 50.

    02:11 So generally, the rule is this happens in younger adults and children, but occasionally you'll see this develop even as an adult.

    02:19 Alright, so you know the rule.

    02:20 Before we go on, what do you need to know about this slide what's most important? We're going to think about handle the patients that are highest risk, like family risk factor, a genetic risk factor, they've had an injury to their pancreas.

    02:33 I know that I'm going to expect to see it mostly in younger clients, but it can also develop in those that are older.


    About the Lecture

    The lecture Diabetes Type 1: Risk Factors (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Diabetes Type 1 and 2: Introduction and Risk Factors (Nursing) (quiz coming soon).


    Author of lecture Diabetes Type 1: Risk Factors (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes


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