Okay, so, another process to consider is
Now, what’s happening here is,
we have a withdrawal.
So, we say, deindividuate, meaning
you’re withdrawing your individual behavior.
And to a say it as decreased state of self-evaluation.
So, it’s defined as a psychological state
of decreased self-evaluation
and low sense of responsibility
causing disinhibited behavior.
It’s a lot of words there, let’s break that down.
So we’re saying is, you’re actually or
putting yourself in a different state of mind
that’s removing yourself
from normal responsibility.
And because you’re no longer responsible
for what you’re doing,
you end up doing things that are
a little bit outside of the norm;
maybe a little bit more
on the deviant side of things.
And this is really common when there is a high degree
of arousal and a low sense of responsibility.
So in a case where you’re really worked up,
and you might not get in trouble for what you’re doing
‘coz it might be kind of hard
to individually prosecute and find out who did what.
So examples, like, are after a sporting event or
when you’ve been drinking and you’re at a party
and all of a sudden a fight or something breaks out
and you decide to maybe get involved
because it’s late, it’s dark, there’s a lot of people,
you’ve been drinking,
you have a lower sense of responsibility and
you think that you might not get caught
and there’s a higher level of arousal you’re worked up.
At a sporting event it’s a double double;
so you’ve been drinking and you’re worked up.
You’re team just won or loss.
You’ve seen this a lot of times,
so the winner of a championship cup,
you think that the people
they’re going to be really happy
and they are happy but they are
highly aroused, highly activated,
they may have been drinking, and they’re in
a large crowd and they start riding.
Vice versa, the team loses, they are
quite upset, they’ve been drinking
but they are highly activated, same thing.
So it almost doesn’t really matter about
the outcome, it’s more about the state.
Now, here’s some contributing factors:
if there’s a very large crowd,
you can get lost in the crowd.
Again, you are moving yourself as an individual
and you are bleeding into the group.
Now, is there a magic number where they say,
if it’s only five people you won’t do it
and if it’s eight, you will.
There’s no real magic number,
it’s very situational,
it kind of depends on the group that
you’re with and what the social context is.
But the end of the day, what I want you to remember
is that the larger the size is,
the easier it is to get lost in that crowd.
Another kind of tool that’s used is
And that’s when you use things
like masks, costumes and face paint
to again, you’re removing yourself,
your individual self from the scenario
because you have a mask on.
So, we call it the Spiderman phenomena
where you put that on
and all of a sudden you’re Spiderman
and you can do anything you want;
and you can put on a mask
and call yourself MCAT man
and you’re going to ace that MCAT exam.
It’s because you’ve now put on this face and
allows you to think and act in a different way.
Again, removing that sense of responsibility
and removing that sense of individualization.
And the last thing which I already mentioned
is that Arousing Activities;
drinking, sporting events,
large groups and parties, protests.
These things really gets you going, gets you
amped up and it makes a lot easy to
disinhibit and do these different things.
Another great example or
some experiments done by Zimbardo,
and this is a classic key, a prison study.
What he did in this study is
he took a group of students
and these are individuals who were
not prisoners and not prison guards
but they were put in this prison environment
and they’re saying, okay,
half of you are going to act like a prison guard
and the other half of you are
going to act like the prisoner.
And, they started watching and then
the social context and this differentiation
in terms of rules and see how people start acting.
And also they realized, the people that
were acting like the prisoner’s guards
started acting like the prison guards.
And they have the outfits on,
the hat, the beating stick,
and they started actually enforcing law and beating
and torturing the prisoners ‘coz they weren’t listening.
and the prisoners started acting deviant
and started acting like prisoners.
Again, they took on a role; it was a situation
that was different, they’re in a group.
and they’re removing themselves individually
from a normal process.
And as a result, you see that
process of deindividuation.
Another example is alcohol, I’ve mentioned
that already a couple of times.
And so we should know that alcohol is a disinhibitor.
And they can allow you to do things that you might
not normally do removes that individuation.
They are observing removes that individual
behavior from the equation
it allows you to think outside of the norm.