So along with congestive heart failure,
there are other defects of the heart.
Let's describe some examples of congenital heart defects.
A congenital heart defect is a defect that is normally
caused by genetic reasons and passed down or inherited.
So first, we have coarctation of the aorta.
This occurs when part of the aorta is narrowed.
And because of this narrowing, there is an
increase in the workload of the left ventricle
because the aortic pressure is going to
be much higher than that of a normal aorta.
A second congenital congenital
heart defect is Tetralogy of Fallot.
This includes multiple defects that are going to
affect the ability of the heart to perform efficiently.
This includes the pulmonary trunk being too
narrow and the pulmonary valve being stenosed,
hypertrophied right ventricle, ventricular septal
defect, and the aorta being open from both ventricles.
Again, all four of these defects put together puts a
huge burden on the heart to be able to pump efficiently.