Congenital Heart Defects (CHD): Overview (Nursing)

by Jasmine Clark

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    00:01 So along with congestive heart failure, there are other defects of the heart.

    00:06 Let's describe some examples of congenital heart defects.

    00:11 A congenital heart defect is a defect that is normally caused by genetic reasons and passed down or inherited.

    00:18 So first, we have coarctation of the aorta.

    00:23 This occurs when part of the aorta is narrowed.

    00:27 And because of this narrowing, there is an increase in the workload of the left ventricle because the aortic pressure is going to be much higher than that of a normal aorta.

    00:40 A second congenital congenital heart defect is Tetralogy of Fallot.

    00:45 This includes multiple defects that are going to affect the ability of the heart to perform efficiently.

    00:53 This includes the pulmonary trunk being too narrow and the pulmonary valve being stenosed, hypertrophied right ventricle, ventricular septal defect, and the aorta being open from both ventricles.

    01:09 Again, all four of these defects put together puts a huge burden on the heart to be able to pump efficiently.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Congenital Heart Defects (CHD): Overview (Nursing) by Jasmine Clark is from the course Cardiovascular System: Heart – Physiology (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Coarctation of the aorta
    2. Ventricular septal defect
    3. Tetrology of Fallot
    4. Atrial septal defect

    Author of lecture Congenital Heart Defects (CHD): Overview (Nursing)

     Jasmine Clark

    Jasmine Clark

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