Complete Blood Count (Nursing)

by Rhonda Lawes

My Notes
  • Required.
Save Cancel
    Learning Material 2
    • PDF
      Slides Complete Blood Count.pdf
    • PDF
      Download Lecture Overview
    Report mistake

    00:01 Hi. Welcome to our video series on interpreting lab values.

    00:06 In this one, we're going to take a look at the complete blood count.

    00:09 Now, we usually shorten that to CBC. So when you see a physician's order, it will say "CBC" because we shorten everything in healthcare.

    00:17 So, a complete blood count or CBC is a lab test.

    00:21 You'll have to get a blood sample from your patient, but it's going to give us a ton of information about the types and numbers of cells in the blood.

    00:29 So you can learn a lot about your patients' health, right then and there from when the blood sample is drawn.

    00:35 So let's take a look at what's involved in a CBC.

    00:39 Now, we've got a great picture for you there.

    00:41 This tells you kind of the percentages of these cells.

    00:43 Look that -- 45% is your packed red blood cells.

    00:47 1% is the Buffy coat that your white blood cells and your platelets, and 55% is plasma volume.

    00:55 So that kind of gives you a feel for it.

    00:57 There's three types of cells in the blood.

    01:00 There's red cells, white cells, and platelets.

    01:03 So take a look at that test tube right there. Kind of start to get set in your mind, what you have there and what our percentages are because we talk about white cells, but look what a tiny percentage of an average healthy blood sample they are.

    01:17 55% of that plasma volume can also change with your dehydration.

    01:22 Looking at the packed red blood cells, when you hang a unit of blood for a patient, that's what you're hanging, ecause we want to get that oxygen-carrying component in the red blood cells, besides adding all that extra volume.

    01:34 Okay, now that we've kind of looked at that, let's go back and take a look at the different types of cells.

    01:39 We've got red cells, white cells, and platelets.

    01:43 Now the job of the red blood like we said, is to carry oxygen.

    01:48 That's why we want to look closely at another value on a CBC, the H&H or the hemoglobin and hematocrit.

    01:55 So when you hear someone refer to an H&H, that's what they're talking about -- hemoglobin and hematocrit.

    02:02 Now why we care about that is because hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying protein in the red blood cells.

    02:08 Now, adult has four of those with each red blood cell.

    02:11 Babies have six.

    02:13 That seems kind of weird, doesn't it? But when they're first born, they've got extra hemoglobin- carrying capabilities.

    02:19 The hematocrit tells us the proportion of red blood cells to the fluid component or the plasma in your blood.

    02:25 So if I have somebody who's bleeding out, their H&H will go lower.

    02:30 So keep that in mind. If I have a patient who's experienced a trauma and they've lost a lot of blood, that H&H will be lower than normal.

    02:38 Okay, so we've looked at the first cells, the red blood cells. We know their job is to carry oxygen.

    02:43 Now the white cells, these are the infection fighters. That's what they do.

    02:47 And the platelets help with blood clotting, and that's a good thing. Remember our trauma patient? Well, we want their blood to be able to clot because we want them to stop the bleeding and the hemorrhaging, so we can hang on to their blood volume.

    03:00 So when you're looking at this slide, let's go back and make sure you have it kind of set in your brain, before we move forward to look at these in more detail.

    03:09 55% of your blood is plasma.

    03:11 45% is your packed red blood cells, and 1% is your white blood cells and platelets.

    03:18 So think through in your mind.

    03:20 What should make up the largest percentage of your blood volume? Right, plasma.

    03:26 About the other half of your blood volume is made up of packed red blood cells.

    03:30 Good. And the tiniest percentage, >1%, is your white blood cells and platelets.

    03:37 Now, one more thought before we move forward.

    03:40 Think through, do you kind of have in your mind, what's the purpose of red blood cells? Don't look at your notes.

    03:46 Just see if you can pause and reflect, what's the purpose of red blood cells, what's the purpose of white blood cells, and what's the purpose of platelets? Okay, ready? Let's keep going.

    03:59 Remember that the CBC facilitates us identifying anemia, infection, or leukemia.

    04:05 And we're going to talk about how those lab values are particularly unique to each one of those things.

    04:11 So if I look at a CBC, it might give me a clue if a patient is anemic, meaning they don't have enough oxygen- carrying capacity because they have low red blood cells.

    04:20 Maybe they have an infection. You're going to see those white cells go like crazy, or a disorder like leukemia.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Complete Blood Count (Nursing) by Rhonda Lawes is from the course Complete Blood Count (CBC) (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Red blood cells
    2. White blood cells
    3. Platelets
    4. Endothelial cells
    5. Stem cells
    1. Complete blood count (CBC)
    2. Basic metabolic panel (BMP)
    3. Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)
    4. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)

    Author of lecture Complete Blood Count (Nursing)

     Rhonda Lawes

    Rhonda Lawes

    Customer reviews

    5,0 of 5 stars
    5 Stars
    4 Stars
    3 Stars
    2 Stars
    1  Star