Common Joint Disorders (Nursing)

by Jasmine Clark

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    00:01 So we will conclude this lecture by talking about different disorders that can affect the joints.

    00:08 The first disorder we will discuss is rheumatoid arthritis.

    00:12 Please be mindful that rheumatoid arthritis is just one type of arthritis.

    00:18 Arthritis is a general term meaning inflammation of the joint.

    00:23 In rheumatoid arthritis, we have an autoimmune disorder where the body starts attacking the components of the joint such as the cartilage or the synovial cavity.

    00:35 A second disorder that can affect the joints is Lyme disease.

    00:40 Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria that is found in deer ticks.

    00:45 You can find out if you have Lyme disease by the characteristic bullseye rash that occurs when you are bitten by the tick.

    00:55 In this disease, one of the characteristic symptoms is inflammation at the joints or arthritis.

    01:04 A third disorder that affects the joints is going to be sprains.

    01:09 Sprains involve twisting of the joint, which overburdens the ligaments and causes them to either overstretch or to tear.

    01:20 Opposite to sprains are strains.

    01:23 Strains however, are not necessarily joint disorders and in fact affect the muscles and the tendons.

    01:33 A fourth type of disorder is tenosynovitis.

    01:37 Tenosynovitis is a general term meaning an inflammation of the tendons and the synovial cavity of a joint.

    01:46 Finally, we can also talk about dislocation.

    01:50 In this example, we're going to talk about dislocation of the mandible.

    01:54 This can occur when you yawn too hard or chewing on something really hard, which causes the mandible to be displaced from its original joint.

    02:05 And it's also very painful.

    02:09 So lastly, let's talk about how we treat the sprains and the joint inflammations that can occur.

    02:16 We use a simple acronym PRICE P stands for Protection.

    02:22 At first, we want to make sure that we protect the area of the injury.

    02:28 This can include things like getting off of it or using crutches or something to relieve pressure at that joint.

    02:36 The second thing is Rest.

    02:39 Rest also involves resting the area of the injury so that we do not further the injury.

    02:47 The third is Ice.

    02:50 Ice allows for vasoconstriction or reducing of swelling by allowing the blood to not pool in the area.

    03:00 Fourth, we have Compression.

    03:02 Like ice, this also reduces swelling.

    03:07 And finally, we have Elevation.

    03:10 Along with ice and compression, elevation serves to reduce swelling.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Common Joint Disorders (Nursing) by Jasmine Clark is from the course Musculoskeletal System – Physiology (Nursing).

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Ligaments
    2. Tendons
    3. Muscles
    4. Joint
    1. Protect the joint by using crutches.
    2. Rest the limb.
    3. Apply ice to the injured joint.
    4. Elevate the affected joint.
    5. Apply heat to the injury site.

    Author of lecture Common Joint Disorders (Nursing)

     Jasmine Clark

    Jasmine Clark

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