Changes/Abnormalities in Vital Signs

by Joanna Jackson

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    Hi! I'm Joanna Jackson, and this lesson is about changes and abnormalities in vital signs. Vital signs measure the bodies functions. They provide medical staff with a picture of what's going on inside of a person's body. Let's start with pulse. The expected range for pulse of an adult is 60 to 100 beats per minute at rest. For infants, the expected pulse is 120 to 160 beats per minute. The average pulse for 12 to 14-year-old child is 80 to 90 beats per minute. In addition to the rate, the nurse should assess the rhythm and strength of the pulse. As with all vital signs, there's no exact normal. Every patient will have a different and unique baseline to be used as a measure for comparison. Let's talk about abnormalities with pulse. We'll begin with bradycardia. This means an abnormally low pulse rate. Usually slower than 60 beats per minute. Nursing interventions include, assessing the patient for injury, positioning, chronic pain, or medications that may have decreased the pulse. As always, if you get an abnormal pulse, recheck it just to be sure. Then we have tachycardia. This is an abnormally high body pulse rate. Average is higher than 100 beats per minute. Nursing interventions include assessing the patient for injury, pain, an allergic reaction, positioning, or medications that might increase the pulse. Assess and monitor all vital signs. Notify the provider and document any findings. Next let's talk about dysrhythmia. This is an irregular heart rhythm. Sometimes this is found while assessing a radial pulse or while using a stethoscope. Assess the patient for injury, assess and monitor all vital signs, administer appropriate medications in order to maintain a proper heart rhythm, and notify the provider as soon as possible, and document your findings. Next we'll talk about...

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Changes/Abnormalities in Vital Signs by Joanna Jackson is from the course Physiological Integrity. It contains the following chapters:

    • Changes & Abnormalities in Vital Signs
    • Nursing Interventions for Abnormal Vital Signs

    Author of lecture Changes/Abnormalities in Vital Signs

     Joanna Jackson

    Joanna Jackson

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