Architecture – Gothic and Renaissance: Question Set 5

by Lincoln Smith

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    00:01 <b>Question one states,</b> <b>according to the article,</b> <b>piers are made out of:</b> <b>wood, stone, steel, or plastic.</b> <b>Now, before piers are discussed,</b> <b>we discussed those shafts.</b> <b>If we look closely,</b> <b>we have a central shaft</b> <b>surrounded by detached shafts</b> <b>in a circular shape</b> <b>in the first period discussed.</b> <b>Then we move forward to the</b> <b>relevant concept of piers,</b> <b>a modified form</b> <b>of a group of shafts</b> <b>now and kind of a lozenge I</b> <b>think of like this coffee shape.</b> <b>It's not exactly clear the</b> <b>difference at this point</b> <b>between a cluster</b> <b>of shafts end up here.</b> <b>But the question doesn't</b> <b>require you to know that detail.</b> <b>Just test your knowledge</b> <b>on the material,</b> <b>which is clearly stated.</b> <b>We are told that piers are generally</b> <b>carved out of one block of stone,</b> <b>which aligns to</b> <b>answer choice B stone.</b> <b>Question two states</b> <b>according to paragraph two,</b> <b>you will most likely find small</b> <b>columns on the edges of what?</b> <b>Arches, doors, piers, or shafts.</b> <b>Paragraph two clearly states small</b> <b>columns are found in every era</b> <b>and used as ornamental devices.</b> <b>We therefore want to rule</b> <b>out the answer choices</b> <b>that are most likely to be</b> <b>structural or weight bearing.</b> <b>Piers are fairly clearly load</b> <b>bearing as classically our arches</b> <b>so that will leave us between</b> <b>answer choices B and D.</b> <b>There is some confusion</b> <b>on what a shaft is,</b> <b>so we won't rule that out.</b> <b>Paragraph two further goes on</b> <b>to clarify that small columns</b> <b>are called mainly used in the</b> <b>jambs of doorways and for windows.</b> <b>So this in fact explicitly</b> <b>lines answer selection B.</b> <b>And so we would go</b> <b>with doors over shafts.</b> <b>Question three states,</b> <b>small columns on window</b> <b>jams were used for what?</b> <b>A Decoration;</b> <b>B Glass;</b> <b> C Opening the window;</b> <b>or D Protection.</b> <b>Question three is a</b> <b>detail oriented question</b> <b>that rewards you effort</b> <b>to dig into that context.</b> <b>For questions two,</b> <b>the point is to clarify if</b> <b>we have small columns,</b> <b>or ordinary columns,</b> <b>but as long as we read the</b> <b>question closely small columns,</b> <b>we should immediately</b> <b>be able to identify</b> <b>that in the context of window jambs,</b> <b>small columns serve</b> <b>a decorative purpose,</b> <b>Answer, choice A.</b> <b>Question four states.</b> <b>The column parts are</b> <b>described from the what?</b> <b>Bottom to the top;</b> <b>top to the bottom,</b> <b>light to the dark,</b> <b>or inside to outside.</b> <b>Kind of sequentially moving</b> <b>forward in the passage.</b> <b>After we discussed shafts and piers</b> <b>were then told that columns</b> <b>can often substitute for piers,</b> <b>specifically piers carrying arches.</b> <b>Small columns tend to be ornamental</b> <b>but larger ones bear weights.</b> <b>Then in paragraph three, first,</b> <b>the basic columns are discussed</b> <b>than their shaft, and</b> <b>lastly, their capital.</b> <b>We have to kind of infer qualities</b> <b>of each of these based</b> <b>from their name.</b> <b>Base is clearly the bottom.</b> <b>Shaft we can kind of presume to be</b> <b>the middle load bearing portion.</b> <b>And then capital of course,</b> <b>would be the head.</b> <b>That would best align to answer</b> <b>selection A from bottom to top.</b> <b>Question five asks us,</b> <b>the date and style of</b> <b>columns is compared to what?</b> <b>We should know that there</b> <b>should be in the paragraph</b> <b>that discusses the capital,</b> <b>and our answer selections to choose</b> <b>from our: flower classification,</b> <b>types of bells, Christmas</b> <b>ornaments, or mathematical formulas.</b> <b>This final paragraph tells</b> <b>us that the bell of a column</b> <b>is its main portion upon</b> <b>which the skill of a</b> <b>carver is most visible.</b> <b>If you are looking for</b> <b>inherent similarity here,</b> <b>you might be tempted to choose</b> <b>answer choice B, types of bells.</b> <b>just because this</b> <b>aligns to the word Bell.</b> <b>But an illogical or even just</b> <b>comparative thought here,</b> <b>that aligns with the quote</b> <b>in the same paragraph</b> <b>at the date and style of columns is</b> <b>inferred by examining the capital,</b> <b>even as the botanist employs</b> <b>the flower as an index.</b> <b>A flower is the most</b> <b>conspicuous part of a plant</b> <b>and the capital of the most</b> <b>conspicuous part of a column,</b> <b>leaving us to answer choice A,</b> <b>flower classification.</b> <b>Lastly, questions six asks us.</b> <b>Based on the passage,</b> <b>a thin decorated piece of lumber</b> <b>on a building would most likely what?</b> <b>This question asks us to</b> <b>draw just one more analogy</b> <b>as we wrap up the question set.</b> <b>It's analogical because wood</b> <b>is not explicitly discussed</b> <b>in the article during the passage.</b> <b>But a thin decorated</b> <b>piece of lumber</b> <b>is most analogous in</b> <b>nature to the small columns</b> <b>that were discussed</b> <b>in paragraph two.</b> <b>We are told that these</b> <b>serve an ornamental purpose.</b> <b>This is further reinforced</b> <b>in paragraph three,</b> <b>where we are told that wide</b> <b>shafts tend to be low bearing,</b> <b>whereas narrow shafts</b> <b>tend to be decorative,</b> <b>At then decorated piece</b> <b>of lumber is therefore</b> <b>most likely to serve</b> <b>an ornamental detail.</b> <b>Answer choice B.</b>

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    The lecture Architecture – Gothic and Renaissance: Question Set 5 by Lincoln Smith is from the course CARS Passage Walkthroughs.

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     Lincoln Smith

    Lincoln Smith

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