Acute Neck Injury: Management

by Charles Vega, MD

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    00:01 Now, that said, even for cervical radiculopathy, whiplash, the management of these different causes of neck pain really should follow about the same order because it's usually going to be a time-limited type of symptom.

    00:15 More time will improve things.

    00:18 I like acetaminophen as a first-line analgesic.

    00:22 Why? Because it tends to be a little bit safer than others and usually better tolerated overall.

    00:29 But it may not be enough and may not be as effective.

    00:32 Therefore, think about NSAIDs, second line, not a great difference in terms of superiority of NSAIDs versus acetaminophen for musculoskeletal pain, but they might be more effective, but they do – you have to watch.

    00:47 They can promote gastrointestinal bleeding.

    00:49 You have to be careful in patients with heart disease or renal disease and taking NSAIDs too.

    00:54 Muscle relaxants.

    00:56 I really don't feel like there's much of a place for muscle relaxants.

    00:59 They don't have a specific therapeutic target.

    01:01 They do tend to make people very tired.

    01:04 There is some risk of abuse associated with these agents as well.

    01:08 So, don't really seem to have as much of a role.

    01:11 Tramadol is a mu opioid receptor agonist, and so therefore does activate the natural opioid system.

    01:23 It doesn't have the addictive potential as other opiates, but still has some addictive potential.

    01:29 Can be used – particularly when used with acetaminophen, can be more effective than either alone.

    01:36 And then opiates are really a last line.

    01:39 Generally, Center for Disease Control in the US recommends they shouldn’t be used for more than seven days, most cases three days at most.

    01:47 So, a short course of opiates for somebody who's really suffering, but not prolonging therapy down the road, I think, is important.

    01:55 Other treatments that you may see recommended for neck pain.

    01:58 Cervical collars are not helpful.

    02:00 So, immobilization does not help and, therefore, that may come up on your exam.

    02:03 Do not recommend it.

    02:05 Home exercises, in and of themselves, they’re really – it’s unclear whether they're effective or not.

    02:11 Physical therapy, on the other hand, can be effective for these patients.

    02:14 I’ll usually reserve it for patients who are in a prolonged course of pain, more than several weeks where it just seems to be not getting better, yet they have got negative imaging studies.

    02:24 Physical therapy can be a good option for those patients.

    02:27 They may also think about spinal manipulation.

    02:30 Overall, there really isn't enough data to recommend nor refute the use of spinal manipulations for cases of neck pain.

    02:39 So, just a little bit more about whiplash.

    02:41 About half of whiplash patients continue to have neck pain at one year.

    02:45 So, if you're that severe that you have this – that severe stiffness, the severe muscle tension with headache that indicates whiplash after an acute injury, unfortunately, half will go on to continue to have symptoms, but there is a link between financial compensation or time off work and the duration of neck pain in these cases.

    03:07 And with that – so with that, what we did today was really kind of differentiate a little bit of whiplash versus cervical radiculopathy.

    03:14 We went through a very typical algorithm for the management of musculoskeletal pain that I'll probably return to a couple of times when we talk about other issues such as back pain, for example, or arthritis.

    03:27 But I think that is very important to keep in mind as you move forward, starting with your more safe drugs with a proven record, and then really holding opiates out for the patients who need them and then trying to keep that course as short as possible.

    03:44 So, hopefully, that was very helpful for you today.

    03:46 Look forward to seeing you next time.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Acute Neck Injury: Management by Charles Vega, MD is from the course Acute Care.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. 50%
    2. Less than 1%
    3. 5–10%
    4. Greater than 95%
    5. 75%
    1. Acetaminophen
    2. Opiates
    3. Ibuprofen
    4. Naproxen
    5. Low-dose corticosteroids

    Author of lecture Acute Neck Injury: Management

     Charles Vega, MD

    Charles Vega, MD

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