Vaginal Fornix – Female Reproductive Organs

by James Pickering, PhD

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    00:00 If we carry on looking at the vagina, then deep within the vagina as it is approaching the cervix, we find a region known as the fornix and that's this region here which essentially as a gutter-like structure. A gutter-like ring that surrounds the cervix which is protruding into the vault of the vagina.

    00:21 Protruding into the actual cavity of the vagina. And here we can see in this diagram we have what's known as the external os and that is a small opening which we can see here as well.

    00:34 The opening that is continuous with the cavity of the uterus and the vagina.

    00:39 And we can see the cervix this region here, is actually pushing into the vagina, this region just here. And as it pushes in, it leaves a gutter that surrounds the cervix.

    00:51 And this gutter which we can appreciate is around here here we have the wall of the vagina here and here is known as the fornix.

    00:59 And we can recognize four parts to a fornix.

    01:04 We can have an anterior portion a posterior portion and two lateral portions.

    01:09 So this is the anterior aspect of the fornix. This is the posterior aspect.

    01:15 And around the sides of the cervix, we will found the more lateral, so deep within here, we find the lateral aspect of the fornix.

    01:23 But this is a continuous gutter most like a moat that surrounds a castle.

    01:28 We have mentioned previously that the posterior fornix is the deepest of these fornices. And it’s important because it is closely related to the rectouterine pouch.

    01:40 And I have mentioned previously that the rectouterine pouch, this peritoneal pouch here is deep and free fluid and pus can collect in this region.

    01:52 Access to this pouch is best served by passing through the vagina and through the posterior fornix and we can see it passing through in this direction.

    02:00 So transvaginal approach through the vagina, through the posterior fornix to drain free fluid or pus from the rectouterine pouch.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Vaginal Fornix – Female Reproductive Organs by James Pickering, PhD is from the course Pelvis.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Posterior fornix of the vagina
    2. Rectum
    3. Lateral fornix of the vagina
    4. Anterior fornix of the vagina
    5. Cervix
    1. It is best accessed via the anterior fornix.
    2. It is located in the female pelvis.
    3. It is anterior to the rectum.
    4. It is a site where free fluid can collect.
    5. The rectouterine pouch is most closely associated with the posterior fornix of the vagina.

    Author of lecture Vaginal Fornix – Female Reproductive Organs

     James Pickering, PhD

    James Pickering, PhD

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