Lectures

Pulmonology Question Set 1

by Lecturio USMLE
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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Pulmonology Question Set 1 by Lecturio USMLE is from the course Pulmonology - High Yield Questions.


    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Inflamed bronchus with hypertrophy and hyperplasia of mucous glands
    2. Airway hypersensitivity
    3. Abnormal permanent bronchial dilation
    4. Destruction of alveolar septa and enlarged air spaces
    5. Chronic granulomatous inflammation with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy
    1. Asbestosis
    2. Drug induced interstitial lung disease
    3. Tuberculosis
    4. Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
    5. Sarcoidosis
    1. Congestive heart failure
    2. Uremia
    3. Hypothyroidism
    4. Chylothorax
    5. Sarcoidosis
    1. Defective chloride transport
    2. Abnormal ciliary motion
    3. Gluten hypersensitivity
    4. Bronchial hypersensitivity
    5. Fibrosis of lung parenchyma
    1. Decrease in FEV1 after methacholine
    2. Decreased FVC on pulmonary tests
    3. Decreased oxygen saturation
    4. Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    5. Chest X-ray showing hyperinflation
    1. Small cell carcinoma of the lung
    2. Tuberculoma
    3. Squamous cell carcinoma of the lung
    4. Adenocarcinoma of the lung
    5. Lung abscess
    1. Theophylline
    2. ACE-Inhibitor
    3. Digoxin
    4. Furosemide
    5. Short-acting beta agonist
    1. It blocks receptors for certain arachidonic acid metabolites.
    2. It inhibits lipoxygenase enzyme, decreasing production of inflammatory leukotrienes.
    3. It activates the adrenal receptors on the bronchial smooth muscles
    4. It inhibits the release of inflammatory substances from mast cells.
    5. It binds to IgE immunoglobulins.
    1. Inhaled albuterol
    2. Inhaled cromolyn
    3. Oral montelukast
    4. Inhaled beclomethasone
    5. Intravenous propranolol
    1. Pyridoxine
    2. Pregabalin
    3. Niacin
    4. Folic acid
    5. Streptomycin
    1. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS)
    2. Congenital heart anomaly with right-to-left shunt
    3. Pneumonia
    4. Sepsis
    5. Tracheoesophageal fistula
    1. Exercise induced bronchospasm
    2. Pneumonia
    3. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    4. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
    5. Tracheoesophageal fistula
    1. Type I hypersensitivity
    2. Exercise
    3. Type IV hypersensitivity
    4. Smoking
    5. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    1. Hemosiderin-laden macrophages
    2. Amyloid deposits
    3. Neutrophils and macrophages in alveolar lumens
    4. Large air spaces
    5. Primitive-appearing, small cells
    1. He should continue with current treatment
    2. Long acting β2 agonists should be added to his treatment plan
    3. Inhalatory corticosteroids should replace β2 agonists
    4. He should start using short acting β2 agonists every day, not just when he has symptoms
    5. Systemic corticosteroids should be added to his treatment plan
    1. Surfactant administration and oxygen therapy
    2. Oxygen therapy
    3. Antibiotics
    4. No therapy right away, only observation
    5. Emergency surgical repair of tracheoesophageal fistula
    1. Short acting β2 agonists
    2. Systemic corticosteroids
    3. Long acting β2 agonists
    4. No therapy, only avoidance of exercise
    5. Aminophylline
    1. Aminophylline
    2. Short acting β2 agonists
    3. Systemic corticosteroids
    4. Long acting β2 agonists
    5. Inhalatory corticosteroids

    Author of lecture Pulmonology Question Set 1

     Lecturio USMLE

    Lecturio USMLE


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