Lectures

Renal Cystic Pathology

by Carlo Raj, MD
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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Renal Cystic Pathology by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Cystic Diseases (Renal Cystic Pathology). It contains the following chapters:

    • Renal Dysplasia
    • Autosomal Recessive Disease (Juvenile)
    • Autosomal Dominant Disease
    • Additional Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. 20%
    2. 50%
    3. 15%
    4. 10%
    5. 70%
    1. Unilateral kidney dysplasia causes chronic renal failure.
    2. There is no inheritance pattern.
    3. It is the most common cystic disease in children.
    4. It may be unilateral or bilateral.
    5. Cartilage may be found in the kidneys in some cases.
    1. Low amniotic fluid
    2. Size for gestational age
    3. Maternal age.
    4. Father with hepatic fibrosis.
    5. Crown-rump length
    1. Pancreas
    2. Liver
    3. Medulla of the kidney
    4. Cortex of the kidney
    5. Bilaterally
    1. Berry aneurysm
    2. Potter’s facies
    3. Renomegaly
    4. Esophageal varices
    5. Hemorrhoids
    1. Mental retardation
    2. Lung hypoplasia
    3. Parrot beak nose
    4. Low set ears
    5. Death
    1. 85% of cases involve a defect in the PKD1 gene.
    2. It is most commonly caused by a defect on chromosome 4.
    3. More than one correct answer.
    4. PKD2 gene defect is on chromosome 16.
    5. PKD1 gene defect is on chromosome 4.
    1. 20-25; 40-60
    2. 5-15; 60-80
    3. 20-40; 40-60
    4. 30-40; 50-60
    5. 15-25; 50-70
    1. It accounts for approximately 10% of cases of chronic renal failure in adults.
    2. It is responsible for hepatic fibrosis in ¼ of patients.
    3. It often presents in childhood.
    4. Portal hypertension related complications are the most common cause of death in this population.
    5. Hypertension is present in 50% of cases.
    1. Hepatic fibrosis
    2. Sigmoid diverticulosis
    3. Berry aneurysms
    4. Cysts in the pancreas
    5. Mitral valve prolapse
    1. Medullary sponge kidney
    2. Renal dysplasia
    3. Simple retention cysts
    4. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
    5. Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease.
    1. Recurrent urinary tract infections
    2. Oxalate stones
    3. Chronic renal failure
    4. Hepatic fibrosis
    5. Bilateral palpable kidneys
    1. Renal dialysis
    2. Congenital malformation
    3. Infection
    4. Renal cell carcinoma
    5. Retention cysts

    Author of lecture Renal Cystic Pathology

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD


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