Plasmodium Malariae: Prevention

by Vincent Racaniello, PhD

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    00:01 How do you prevent infection? This is sometimes a good way to not use, not have to use an antimalarial drug. Well you can engage in mosquito control, and try and spray for mosquitoes, this isn't always practical and we have limitations on what insecticides we can use, but that's one possibility. Mosquito nets, like this one on top of the bed, is a very simple way to avoid being bitten at night, the time which many mosquitoes prefer to bite, however during the day you are out about, you are still going to be bitten during the day, so this doesn't solve all the problems. These nets over the bed can also be sprayed with insect repellent, you could wear insect repellents on your body during the day and you can cover your body with clothing. You can wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants with the pants tucked into your socks and that leaves just your face, which you can cover with repellent to keep the mosquitoes off. You can also put screens in your windows, this is an amazing low-tech solution. Many of the homes in areas endemic for malaria have open windows with no screens on them, the mosquitoes come and go as they wish. A simple thing like a window screen cuts down on the incidence of malaria. We may think that this is nothing, but in our world screens are usual but not everywhere. Now this is such an important disease that not only are people are trying to develop a new antimalarial compounds, but new vaccines of all sorts of different types are under development and I think sometime in the next 5 to 10 years or so, with a lot of funding from the Gates foundation, these vaccines will become a reality.

    About the Lecture

    The lecture Plasmodium Malariae: Prevention by Vincent Racaniello, PhD is from the course Parasites.

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. Bed nets
    2. UV night lamps
    3. Infrared night lamps
    4. Methotrexate as prophylaxis
    5. Primaquine as prophylaxis
    1. Window screens
    2. Giving primaquine as prophylaxis to the family
    3. By giving sulfamethizole as prophylaxis to the family
    4. By spraying parathion
    5. By spraying malathion

    Author of lecture Plasmodium Malariae: Prevention

     Vincent Racaniello, PhD

    Vincent Racaniello, PhD

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