In this lecture, we are going to continue
looking at the muscles of the anterolateral
abdominal wall and focus on the inguinal region
and specifically, the inguinal canal.
So, within the inguinal region, which we spoke
about in the first surface anatomy lecture,
there was a region lower down on both the
left and right side of the abdomen called
the inguinal region and this is a really important
region, it's a complex area of anatomy that
contains numerous structures that are entering
and leaving the abdomen including the testes
as they migrated down during development.
This means that when sperm are produced by
the testes that are now in the scrotum, they
have to pass back through this region towards
the pelvis. The female also has inguinal region
and has an inguinal canal, but because their
gonads are not located outside of the body,
their inguinal canal, as we will see, is that
So, we will look at the inguinal canal in
a fair bit of detail, we will look at its
boundaries, we will look at the two openings
called the inguinal rings and then we will
look at the contents in both the male and
the female, but specifically in the male,
we will look at what we find within the inguinal
canal. And then we will look at hernias.
You have probably come across inguinal hernias
before and there's two different types of
inguinal hernias, both an indirect and a direct.