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Hypertension: Pathology

by Carlo Raj, MD
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    About the Lecture

    The lecture Hypertension: Pathology by Carlo Raj, MD is from the course Hypertension. It contains the following chapters:

    • Introduction: Three Checks to diagnose Hypertension
    • Hypertensive Urgency vs. Emergency
    • JNC 7 Guidelines
    • Reno-vascular HTN
    • Endocrine
    • Therapeutics

    Included Quiz Questions

    1. At least 3 measurement of greater than 140/90 on 3 separate office visits.
    2. At least 2 measurements over 140/90 on 2 separate office visits
    3. At least 3 measurements over 160/90 taken on both arms in the same office visit.
    4. A single measurement over 160/90 taken on the right arm
    5. At least 2 measurements over 140/90 taken on both arms on separate office visits.
    1. Primary hypertension is defined as high blood pressure with no specific cause whereas secondary hypertension is high blood pressure caused by another medical condition.
    2. Primary hypertension is the first presentation of high blood pressure while secondary hypertension is high blood pressure at the next office visit.
    3. Primary hypertension is high blood pressure that can be cured by treating the initial medical condition, while secondary hypertension can only be controlled with diet and exercise.
    4. Primary hypertension is high blood pressure in children, while secondary hypertension is high blood pressure in adults.
    5. Primary hypertension is high blood pressure that can be managed with diet and exercise, while secondary hypertension can only be managed with medications.
    1. Blood pressure of 200/100 in a patient with hematuria.
    2. Blood pressure of 190/120 in a patient with no other symptoms.
    3. Blood pressure of 150/100 in a patient with a urinary tract infection.
    4. Blood pressure of 140/90 in a patient with papilledema.
    5. Blood pressure of 180/100 in a patient with COPD.
    1. Lower blood pressure by no more than 25% over several minutes using IV nitroprusside.
    2. Lower blood pressure to 140/90 immediately with sublingual nitroglycerin.
    3. Lower blood pressure by at LEAST 25% over several minutes using sublingual nitroglycerin.
    4. Lower blood pressure to 140/90 immediately with oral hydrochlorothiazide.
    5. Lower blood pressure by no more than 25% slowly over several minutes using oral metoprolol tablets.
    1. Reduce blood pressure over hours-days using oral medications.
    2. Reduce blood pressure over hours-days using IV medications.
    3. Reduce blood pressure immediately using IV medications.
    4. Reduce blood pressure over hours-days using diet and exercise.
    5. Reduce blood pressure in min-hrs using oral medications.

    Author of lecture Hypertension: Pathology

     Carlo Raj, MD

    Carlo Raj, MD


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    5 stars for sure
    By Juan Carlos R. on 27. May 2017 for Hypertension: Pathology

    Killed it. He covers everything with the correct mindset for approaching vignettes.